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Antihypertensive drugs list PDF download
Hydraulic equation: Blood Pressure = Cardiac output (CO) X. Resistance to passage of blood through precapillary arterioles (PVR). Physiologically CO and PVR is maintained minute to minute by – arterioles (1) postcapillary venules (2) and Heart (3). Kidney is the fourth site – volume of intravascular fluid. Baroreflex. ANTIHYPERTENSIVE DRUGS. Classification. 1. Diuretics. 2. Beta adrenergic blockers. 3. Calcium channel blockers. 4. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors. 5. Angiotensin receptor blockers. 6. Sympatholytics and adrenergic blockers. 7. Direct arterial vasodilators. ics. Types. • Thiazides and related diuretics. 4 List the criterion pressure values (in millimeters of mercury) for the new hypertension categories of normal pressure, prehypertension, hypertension stage 1, and hypertension stage 2 as defined in JNC 7. 5 Using the most recent guidelines, compare the various drugs used in the pharmacologic management of hyper-.
(Table.1) Multiple effective antihypertensive drugs exist to carry out a logical choice. It is necessary to take into However, none of the antihypertensive drugs currently available are able to control all cases of hypertension by ACEI) from the five first-line classes on its essential drug list (World Health Organization. ). Hypertension refers to the prolonged and persistent elevation of blood pressure above the normal range. If not treated properly, hypertension can cause severe complications such as stroke, coronary heart disease and kidney failure. Patients with hypertension must take antihypertensive drugs on a long-term basis. : Hypertension – Diagnosis and Management: Appendix D ( , Revised ). 1. Appendix D: Commonly Used Antihypertensive Drugs 1- 4, a. Generic Name. (trade name). (strengths and dosage form). Usual Adult Dosages for. Hypertensionb. Annual. Costc. PharmaCare. Coverage. Common Adverse.
May 29, q Discuss important preadministration and ongoing assessment activities the nurse should perform on the patient taking an antihypertensive drug. q Explain why blood pressure determinations are important during therapy with an antihypertensive drug. q List some nursing diagnoses particular to a patient. Antihypertensive drugs. • Four major types. – Alter sympathetic NS: • Centrally acting sympathoplegic drugs. • Ganglion-blocking agents. • Adrenergic neuron- blocking agents. • Adrenoceptor antagonists: beta & alpha blockers. – Calcium channel blockers. – Vasodilators. – Act on angiotensin system: • ACEI & receptor . Antihypertensive Drugs. Diuretics: Thiazides: Hydrochlorothiazide, chlorthalidone ; High ceiling: Furosemide; K+ sparing: Spironolactone, triamterene and amiloride. MOA: Acts on Kidneys to increase excretion of Na and H2O – decrease in blood volume – decreased BP. Angiotensin-converting Enzyme ( ACE) inhibitors.